History Of Hiking
There's no conclusive evidence about the exact year, which witnessed the beginning of hiking. Otzi, the Iceman is believed to have climbed up the Alps about 5000 years ago. However the first recorded trek was that of the Roman Emperor Hadrian to Etna, which is today, an active stratovolcano near Sicily.
The thirteenth century witnessed a few expeditions to various mountains around the world. Between 1400s and 1500s, many people of the Inca Empire treaded to the Andes for religious reasons. They are believed to have climbed the Llullaillaco peak, which is at a height of 6,379 meters. Perhaps they also accomplished the feat of climbing Aconcagua, the highest peak of the Andes. Leonardo da Vinci is said to have ascended a snowfield in the vicinity of Mount Rosa.
One of the major events in the history of hiking was the ascent of Darby Field to Mount Washington located in New Hampshire. No major expeditions took place in the seventeenth century. An ascent to the snow mountain Titus was recorded in 1744. The later years saw a number of important mountain expeditions, which found a place in the timeline of hiking. A team of mountaineers reached Elbrus, the highest mountain in Europe in 1874. W.S. Green climbed the Southern Alps of New Zealand in 1882. The highest peak of the Andes is recorded to have been climbed in 1897 and 1898 was the year when the Grand Teton of the Rocky Mountains of North America was ascended. Mount McKinley was climbed in 1913.
The nineteenth century was a witness to a couple of expeditions to the Himalayas. Gurkha sepoys trained in mountaineering activities were of great help in the exploration of the Asiatic mountains. The year 1953 marks one of the most important events in the history of mountaineering. It was on May 29 of this year that Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest.